Abstracts Track 2021

Nr: 2

Can a Spherical Network of Batteries/Sensors Observe the Elusive Mach Effect Electromagnetically?


Peter M. Jansson, Peter S. Kaladius and Ifunanya Maduka

Abstract: This is the 4th peer-reviewed research publication which shares multiple additional, statistically significant, observations of electromagnetic anomalies in the discharge voltages of sensor batteries that are powering a high inertia wheel while testing the hypothesis that the “Mach Effect” may be a real, observable and yet enigmatic electromagnetic phenomenon. Our research team previously reported three outliers at greater than 8 sigma significance at the IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium in 2017. Then we reported multiple additional outliers greater than 4 sigma which all have a consistent signature of “pointing” toward alignments of local matter (eclipses, sun, moon, etc.). The origin of inertia remains a mystery and some have stated “A century after Ernst Mach and Albert Einstein cast doubt on absolute space, we still don't know how a gyroscope stays pointed in a fixed direction.” [T. Rothman 2017] Inertia is a property of matter that is directly proportional to mass. Originally, it was not believed that there was much overlap or correlation between inertial mass and gravitational mass. Although, according to Einstein’s Equivalence Principle, inertia is nothing other than mass; gravitational mass and inertial mass are ideally equivalent. Inertia is typically used to describe an object’s mass or weight. However, this information is rendered inconclusive, as it is not actually known what inertia is, or what prompts it (whether it be a force or a property). Some scientists believe “that there is strong evidence that the force of inertia is caused by an infinite number of elemental interactions between an object which experiences a force and all of the other pieces of matter in the universe in accordance with Mach’s principle.” [P & N. Graneau 2006] Our previous empirical research suggested that a spherical array of batteries powering a central inertial wheel could act as a network of sensors, detecting spatial differences in inertial interactions as postulated by Einstein and Ernst Mach. Further, these voltage anomalies indicate there is some type of electromagnetic interference at play. In this recent work from 2019 and 2020 we have modified our experimentation protocol, and substantially improved the monitoring system to include real-time voltage data collection for multiple tiers of our sensor arrays. Odd battery voltage drainage incidents larger than 4 standard deviations were detected on one of the two arms in the directions of major mass alignments in the local space surrounding Earth. This research (which was conducted by three university students in 2019 and two in 202 who did not participate in the original 2017 experiments) further reinforces the findings of the previous team. Through this expanded experimentation our team concludes that electromagnetic forces can be observed around this high inertia device that manifests in uneven electrical energy discharges among the different batteries in the sensor array. Additionally, disturbances in the isotropy of space due to ‘local’ matter alignments appear to play a role in these electromagnetic inertial reactions. This preliminary work on the electromagnetic aspects of inertia – inspired by Mach’s Principle – seems to produce similar voltage anomalies associated with the batteries’ drainage, suggesting the initial findings are likely early observations of a real Mach Effect.

Area 1 - Sensor Networks Applications

Nr: 3

Use of Consumer Grade Multispectral Sensors for Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density Measurement


Ian Christian Fernandez, Maria Theresa De Leon, Marc Caesar Talampas, Nestor Michael Tiglao and Marc Rosales

Abstract: This study compares the performance of multispectral sensors to a full-spectrum quantum sensor in measuring photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD). Since spectral sensors are not designed for wide-angle light gathering required for proper PPFD calculation, several common materials that could be used as diffusers like paper or 3D printed plastic were also tested to imitate the wide-angle light gathering at the cost of transmission efficiency. By calibrating multispectral sensors covered with a diffuser against a full-spectrum quantum sensor, fine-grained monitoring of light output in indoor farms may become more cost-effective.